News is a term that is used to describe information that is communicated from one source to another. This information may be in the form of a written story or an audio or video clip. It can be about a person, an event or something that has occurred.
News can be found in a variety of sources including newspapers, radio and television programs and websites. It is also available on social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter.
The process of generating news is a complicated and often confusing one. It includes interviewing people, gathering evidence and preparing reports. The news organisation can then make decisions about what to include or not to include in its stories.
Some of the most important decisions that a news organisation makes are whether or not a story will be included on its day-to-day schedule, what information will be presented and how it will be presented. In the case of commercial media, such as TV or radio, sometimes conflicts arise between advertisers and the news gatekeepers who decide what becomes the day’s news.
Proximity: Familiarity with a subject, its location or its people are important factors that gatekeepers take into account when choosing what is considered news. For example, a story about Imran Khan marrying in England is more interesting to people in the United Kingdom than it would be for people in the United States.
Celebrity: The larger the personality involved in a news story, the greater its significance. This could be a famous actor, musician, sportsperson, politician, philosopher or poet.
Entertainment: The story might be about sex, show business, human interest, animals, an unfolding drama or offering opportunities for humorous treatment, entertaining photographs or witty headlines.
Surprise: The story might be about an unusual or exciting event that has not previously been covered in the news.
Magnitude: The story might be about an incident or a change in the way things are or could be.
Relevance: The story might be about an issue, group or nation that is seen as being relevant to the audience and is a likely source of comment and shareability.
The story might be about a problem or an event that has been caused by the decision of a government agency or a business.
Timeliness: The story might be about an upcoming event or about an incident that has recently occurred.